Estimating the Costs of Domestic Violence Against Women in Viet Nam

A recent study has established that intimate partner violence can undermine economic growth and requires a coordinated and effective response. The term 'intimate partner violence' describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse.

The study was commissioned by UN Women, Viet Nam, and undertaken by Dr Nata Duvvury, Co-Director of Global Women's Studies at NUI Galway, and Ms Patricia Carney, Doctoral Fellow in the School of Business and Economics, in collaboration with Dr Nguyen Huu Minh, of the Institute for Family and Gender studies, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences. Dr Nata Duvvury and Ms Patricia Carney are both members of the Gender and Public Policy cluster within the Whitaker Institute, and Gender ARC, a consortiuum of gender researchers across NUI Galway and University of Limerick.

Dr Nata Duvvury explains "Intimate partner violence is a global phenomenon and is reflected in the worldwide response to the One Billion Rising campaign, which invites people to stand up in solidarity against violence on 14 February. Our study suggests that intimate partner violence has serious implications for an economy, even leading to a drag on economic growth."

Important findings from the report included:

  • The total productivity loss due to intimate partner violence is estimated at 1.78% of GDP.
  • Regression results estimate the wage differential between women suffering abuse ever in their lifetime to be on average 35% less than women that never experienced violence.
  • In addition, households incur out of pocket expenditures for accessing services and loss of income from missing paid work and household work amounting to approximately 1.41% of GDP.
    "Economic costs of intimate partner violence are clearly identified by this study. These are significant findings and are in line with estimates from similar studies carried out in other countries such as Great Britain, where economic costs including pain, suffering and quality of life came to 1.91% of GDP in 2004."

Read the full report "Estimating the Costs of Domestic Violence Against Women in Viet Nam" here

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